Mastering ‘Avoir’: Essential French Verb Conjugation for English Speakers

‘Avoir’ (to have) is one of the most important verbs in the French language, not only for its meanings and uses as a main verb but also as an auxiliary verb used in many tenses. This guide aims to provide English-speaking learners with a comprehensive overview of the conjugation of ‘avoir’ across all tenses and moods, complete with English translations. Understanding ‘avoir’ is crucial for forming past tenses and expressing possession, making it a vital component of French grammar.

Présent de l’Indicatif (Present Tense)

Français Anglais
J’ai I have
Tu as You have
Il/Elle a He/She has
Nous avons We have
Vous avez You have
Ils/Elles ont They have

Imparfait de l’Indicatif (Imperfect Tense)

Français Anglais
J’avais I had
Tu avais You had
Il/Elle avait He/She had
Nous avions We had
Vous aviez You had
Ils/Elles avaient They had

Futur Simple de l’Indicatif (Future Simple Tense)

Français Anglais
J’aurai I will have
Tu auras You will have
Il/Elle aura He/She will have
Nous aurons We will have
Vous aurez You will have
Ils/Elles auront They will have

Passé Simple de l’Indicatif (Simple Past Tense)

Français Anglais
J’eus I had
Tu eus You had
Il/Elle eut He/She had
Nous eûmes We had
Vous eûtes You had
Ils/Elles eurent They had

Plus-que-parfait de l’Indicatif (Pluperfect Tense)

Français Anglais
J’avais eu I had had
Tu avais eu You had had
Il/Elle avait eu He/She had had
Nous avions eu We had had
Vous aviez eu You had had
Ils/Elles avaient eu They had had

Futur Antérieur de l’Indicatif (Future Perfect Tense)

Français Anglais
J’aurai eu I will have had
Tu auras eu You will have had
Il/Elle aura eu He/She will have had
Nous aurons eu We will have had
Vous aurez eu You will have had
Ils/Elles auront eu They will have had

Conditionnel Présent (Present Conditional)

Français Anglais
J’aurais I would have
Tu aurais You would have
Il/Elle aurait He/She would have
Nous aurions We would have
Vous auriez You would have
Ils/Elles auraient They would have

Conditionnel Passé (Past Conditional)

Français Anglais
J’aurais eu I would have had
Tu aurais eu You would have had
Il/Elle aurait eu He/She would have had
Nous aurions eu We would have had
Vous auriez eu You would have had
Ils/Elles auraient eu They would have had

Subjonctif Présent (Present Subjunctive)

Français Anglais
Que j’aie That I have
Que tu aies That you have
Qu’il/elle ait That he/she has
Que nous ayons That we have
Que vous ayez That you have
Qu’ils/elles aient That they have

Subjonctif Imparfait (Imperfect Subjunctive)

Français Anglais
Que j’eusse That I had
Que tu eusses That you had
Qu’il/elle eût That he/she had
Que nous eussions That we had
Que vous eussiez That you had

In summary, mastering the verb ‘avoir’ is indispensable for anyone learning French. Not only does it serve as a fundamental verb for expressing possession and existence, but it is also essential as an auxiliary verb used in all compound tenses. This dual role underscores its importance in French grammar and daily language use. Familiarity with ‘avoir’ and its conjugations will significantly enhance your proficiency and understanding of French, allowing you to form correct and complex sentences.